Unified Home Rule Borough
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (jew' noh); includes Douglas; Auke Bay; Aukquan
- Community's Judicial District
- Recording District
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Geography and Climate
- Located on the mainland of Southeast Alaska, opposite Douglas Island, Juneau was built at the heart of the Inside Passage along the Gastineau Channel. It lies 900 air miles northwest of Seattle and 577 air miles southeast of Anchorage.
- Juneau has a mild, maritime climate. Average summer temperatures range from 44 to 65 °F; winter temperatures range from 25 to 35 °F. It is in the mildest climate zone in Alaska. Annual precipitation averages 92 inches in downtown Juneau and 54 inches ten miles north at the airport. Snowfall averages 101 inches each year.
- Community Map Available
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- The area was a fish camp for the indigenous Tlingit Indians. In 1880, nearly 20 years before the gold rushes to the Klondike and Nome, Joe Juneau and Richard Harris were led to Gold Creek by Chief Kowee of the Auk Tribe. They found mother lode deposits upstream, staked their mining claims, and developed a 160 acre incorporated city they called Harrisburg, which brought many prospectors to the area. The City of Juneau was formed in 1900. The state capital was transferred from Sitka to Juneau in 1906 while Alaska was a U.S. territory. The Treadwell and Ready Bullion mines across the channel on Douglas Island became world-scale mines, operating from 1882 to 1917. In 1916, the Alaska-Juneau gold mine was built on the mainland and became the largest operation of its kind in the world. In 1917, a cave-in and flood closed the Treadwell mine on Douglas. It produced $66 million in gold in its 35 years of operation. Fishing, canneries, transportation and trading services, and a sawmill contributed to Juneau's growth through the early 1900s. The A-J Mine closed in 1944, after producing over $80 million in gold. In 1970, the City of Juneau, the City of Douglas, and the Greater Juneau Borough were unified into the City & Borough of Juneau.
- As the state capital, Juneau is supported largely by state and federal employment and by tourists cruising the Inside Passage. It is the third largest community in Alaska. About one-third of residents live downtown or on Douglas Island; the remaining two-thirds live elsewhere along the roaded area. Juneau has a Tlingit history with a strong historical influence from the early prospectors and boomtown that grew around full-scale gold mining operations.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Volunteer Fire/EMS/Ambulance, Animal Control, Bartlett Regional Hospital, Airport, Docks and Harbors, Schools, Teen Health Center at the High School, Libraries, Museum, Swimming Pool, Eaglecrest Ski Resort, Hazardous Waste Disposal, Recycling Center,Parks & Recreation, Treadwell Ice Arena, Zach Gordon Youth Center, Ballfields, Parking, Roads, Transit, Human Services, Planning Community Development, Building Safety & Permits, Centenial Hall Convention Center.
- Juneau is accessible only by air and sea. Automobiles are either shipped to Juneau or brought on the Alaska Marine Highway from connections to the highway system in Bellingham, Prince Rupert, Skagway, Haines, and Whittier. Scheduled jet flights and air taxis are available at the municipally-owned Juneau International Airport. The airport has a paved runway and a seaplane landing area. Marine facilities include a seaplane landing area at Juneau Harbor, four cruise ship docks, five small boat harbors, and a state ferry terminal. The Alaska Marine Highway System and cargo barges provide year-round services. Capital Transit provides public transportation throughout the urban area. In 2013, local ridership totaled 1.25 million trips. Juneau is a busy port for cruise ships and can have more than 10,000 visitors in a single day. The city is currently expanding its docking facilities to accommodate larger ships. Approximately 1 million cruise ship passengers visit Juneau each year. There is an extensive network of hiking trails in the Juneau area. Private boats and kayaks are commonly used to reach areas off of the road system. Juneau was certified as a Bicycle Friendly Community in 2011.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection
- Community's Senate District
- Community's House District