in the Kodiak Island Borough
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 Department of Labor Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (kar' luck)
- Community's Judicial District
- Recording District
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Geography and Climate
- Karluk is located on the west coast of Kodiak Island, on the Karluk River, 88 air miles southwest of Kodiak and 301 miles southwest of Anchorage.
- The climate of the Kodiak Islands is dominated by a strong marine influence. There is little or no freezing weather, moderate precipitation, and frequent cloud cover and fog. Severe storms and winds are common from December through February. Annual precipitation averages 23 inches. Temperatures remain within a narrow range, from 31 to 54 °F.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- The mouth of the Karluk River is thought to have been populated by Natives for more than 7,000 years. Thirty-six archaeological sites exist in the area. Russian hunters established a trading post here in 1786. At that time, the village was located on both sides of the Karluk River, in the area of Karluk Lagoon. Between 1790 and 1850, many tanneries, salteries, and canneries were established in the area. By 1900, Karluk was known for having the largest cannery and the greatest salmon stream in the world. A post office was established in 1892. In the early 1900s, canneries were constructed by the Alaska Packers Association. Over-fishing of the area forced the canneries to close in the late 1930s. After a severe storm in January 1978, the village council decided to relocate the community to the present site, upstream on the south side of the lagoon. HUD constructed 23 houses at the new community location.
- Karluk is an Alutiiq village with a fishing and subsistence lifestyle. The school was closed during the 1999-2000 year and again for the 2002-2003 year due to low enrollment.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Native Village of Karluk
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- Karluk is accessible by air and water. Regular and charter flights depart from nearby Kodiak. There are both a state-owned gravel airstrip and a seaplane base at Karluk Lake. Several companies offer service between Kodiak and Karluk if a minimum number of passengers charter a plane. Barge service is available twice a month from Kodiak, and goods are lightered to shore by skiff. Karluk does not have a harbor or docking facilities, so landing crafts are used to bring supplies ashore. Local residents who transport their own supplies will anchor off shore and haul their goods with smaller boats or skiffs. There is about one mile of gravel road in the community.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection
- Community's Senate District
- Community's House District