in the North Slope Borough
- Area Type
- Place of Interest
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 Department of Labor Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (proo' doh); includes Deadhorse
- Community's Judicial District
- Recording District
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Geography and Climate
- Prudhoe Bay is adjacent to the Beaufort Sea, east of Nuiqsut.
- The climate of the North Slope is arctic. Temperatures range from -56 to 78 °F. Precipitation is light, averaging 5 inches, with 20 inches snow per year.
- Community Map Available
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- The bay was named in 1828. The site was extensively developed for oil drilling operations in the 1970s. An 800-mile pipeline was constructed to transport crude oil from Prudhoe Bay to Valdez, where it is shipped in marine tankers to terminals throughout the U.S. The pipeline has 12 pump stations and a maximum capacity of 2 million barrels of crude oil per day.
- Prudhoe Bay is a large work camp for the oil industry. All residents are employees of oil-drilling or oil-producation and support companies and work long consecutive shifts. Living quarters and food are provided to the workforce, and there are a number of recreational facilities.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- The airport at nearby Deadhorse is the primary means of public transportation to the North Slope. The state-owned asphalt and gravel airstrip at Deadhorse is 6,500' long by 150' wide. A 5,000' by 100' wide private gravel airstrip is owned and maintained by ConocoPhillips Alaska, Inc. A state-owned heliport is located at Prudhoe Bay. The Dalton Highway is used year-round by trucks to haul cargo to the North Slope. There are no services beyond this point, and the highway is hazardous during winter months.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection
- Community's Senate District
- Community's House District