2nd Class City
in the Bethel Census Area
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (kal' skag)
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Election, Recording, and Judicial Districts
- Senate District
- House District
- Judicial District
- Recording District
Facilities and Amenities
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Piped Water, Piped Sewar, Volunteer Fire, Community Hall, Roads, Bingo, Landfill
Geography and Climate
- Lower Kalskag is located on the north bank of the Kuskokwim River, 2 miles downriver from Upper Kalskag. It lies 26 miles west of Aniak, 89 miles northeast of Bethel, and 350 miles west of Anchorage.
- The climate is semi-arctic with maritime influences from the Bering Sea. Annual precipitation averages 19 inches, with 60 inches of snowfall. Temperatures range between -55 and 87 °F. The Kuskokwim River is ice-free from mid-June through October.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- The site was originally used as a fish camp for families from Kalskag, two miles to the northeast. In 1930, people began to establish year-round homes. The Russian Orthodox residents of Upper Kalskag, a predominantly Roman Catholic village, moved to Lower Kalskag in the 1930s because of religious differences. The Russian Orthodox Chapel of St. Seraphim was built in 1940. A school was built in 1959, followed by a post office in 1962, a sawmill in 1965, and a power plant in 1969. A new church was built in the late 1970s. The City of Lower Kalskag was incorporated in 1969.
- Lower Kalskag is a Yup'ik Eskimo village of Russian Orthodox practitioners who relocated from Upper Kalskag in the 1930s. Subsistence activities provide food sources.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Village of Lower Kalskag
- Local Option Restrictions
- Ban sale and importation of alcohol.
- Incorporation Type
- 2nd Class City
- Public Education
- Not permitted to provide this service.
- Planning, Platting and Land Use Regulation
- Not required to exercise the powers in any circumstance, but may be permitted in all cases in the manner described for first class cities.
- Property Tax Powers
- May tax up to 20 mills, except where a higher levy is required to avoid default. Voter approval required.
- Sales Tax Powers
- No limit on the rate of levy of sales taxes; however, voter approval is required.
- Other Powers Not Prohibited
- May exercise other powers not prohibited by law.
- City Council or Assembly Composition and Apportionment
- 7 members elected at-large, except the council may provide for election other than at-large.
- Election and Term of Mayor
- Elected from the city council for a 1-year term, unless a longer term is provided by ordinance. Mayor selected by council (or by voters upon adoption of ordinance).
- Vote by Mayor
- Votes on all matters.
- Veto Power of the Mayor
- Does not have veto power.
- Power of Eminent Domain
- Permitted, but requires voter approval.
- Ability to Attain Home-Rule Status
- May not adopt home-rule charter without first reclassifying to a first-class city.
- A state-maintained 4.2-mile gravel road connects Lower and Upper Kalskag. Commercial barge lines deliver fuel and other bulk supplies in the summer. Passengers and other freight arrive by air year-round, through scheduled daily air services. The state-owned gravel airstrip is shared by Upper Kalskag and Lower Kalskag. Winter trails exist to Russian Mission (40 mi) and Aniak (26 mi).
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection