2nd Class City
in the Northwest Arctic Borough
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 Department of Labor Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- Community's Judicial District
- Recording District
Geography and Climate
- Kiana is located on the north bank of the Kobuk River, 57 air miles east of Kotzebue.
- Kiana is located in the transitional climate zone. Temperatures average -10 to 15 °F during winter and 40 to 60 °F during summer. Temperature extremes have been recorded from -54 to 87 °F. Snowfall averages 60 inches, with 16 inches of total precipitation per year. The Kobuk River is navigable from the end of May to early October.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- Kiana means "a place where three rivers meet." It was established long ago as the central village of the Kobuk River Kowagmiut Inupiat Eskimos. In 1909, it became a supply center for the Squirrel River placer mines. A post office was established in 1915. The city government was incorporated in 1964. Prior to the formation of the Northwest Arctic Borough in 1976, the BIA high school taught students from Noatak, Shungnak, and Ambler, who boarded with local residents.
- Kiana is a traditional Inupiat Eskimo village practicing a subsistence lifestyle. Sale of alcohol is restricted to the city-owned store.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Native Village of Kiana
- Local Option Restrictions
- Sale by municipality operated license only: Package Store Only with Distribution Center
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Piped Water, Watering Point, Piped Sewer, Electric (AVEC), Landfill, Health Clinic, Police, Public Safety Building, Volunteer Fire, Fire Hall, Dock, Cable TV, City Office, Bingo Hall, Old Bingo Hall, Roads, Fuel Sales, Equipment Rental
- The major means of transportation are plane, small boat, and snowmachine. The state-owned Bob Baker Memorial Airport has a 3,400' long by 100' wide lighted gravel runway. Daily scheduled flights and charter flights are provided. Crowley Marine Services barges fuel and supplies each summer, and local store owners have large boats to bring supplies upriver. Boats, ATVs, and snowmachines are used for local travel, and there are many trucks. A road extends along the river to Kobuk Camp, and a network of old trading trails exists.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection
- Community's Senate District
- Community's House District