2nd Class City
in the Nome Census Area
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 DCCED Certified Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (gah' loh vin); a.k.a. Chinik
- Community's Judicial District
- Recording District
- Cape Nome
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Geography and Climate
- Golovin is located on a point of land between Golovnin Bay and Golovnin Lagoon on the Seward Peninsula. It is 70 miles east of Nome.
- Marine climatic influences prevail during the summer when the sea is ice-free. Summer temperatures average 40 to 60 °F; winter temperatures average -2 to 19 °F. Extremes from -40 to 80 °F have been recorded. Average annual precipitation is 19 inches, with 40 inches of snowfall. Golovnin Bay is frozen from early November to mid-May.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- The Eskimo village of "Chinik," located at the present site of Golovin, was originally settled by the Kauweramiut Eskimos who later mixed with the Unaligmiut Eskimos. Golovin was named for Captain Vasili Golovnin of the Russian Navy. In 1887, the Mission Covenant of Sweden established a church and school south of the current site. Around 1890, John Dexter established a trading post that became the center for prospecting information for the entire Seward Peninsula. When gold was discovered in 1898 at Council, Golovin became a supply point for the gold fields. Supplies were shipped from Golovin across Golovnin Lagoon and up the Fish and Niukluk Rivers to Council. A post office was opened in 1899. Reindeer herding was an integral part of the missions in the area in the 1900s. The city was incorporated in 1971.
- Golovin is an Inupiat Eskimo village with a fishing, herding, and subsistence lifestyle.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Chinik Eskimo Community
- Local Option Restrictions
- Ban sale and importation of alcohol.
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Watering Point, Water Delivery, School Water, Sewage Haul, Septic Pumping, Washeteria, Electric, Police, Volunteer Fire, Fire Station, Health Clinic, Post Office (federal contract), Fuel Sales, Equipment Lease, Roads, Recreation, Snowmachine Shop
- Since there are no roads connecting the city with other areas, access to Golovin is limited to air and sea. However, in the winter the village can also be accessed over land or ice. Both scheduled and chartered flights are available from Nome. A cargo ship brings supplies once each summer from Nome. Locals are interested in a road to White Mountain. The airport was recently relocated, and a new state-owned airport with a gravel runway is available. Scheduled and chartered flights are available (weather permitting) daily from Nome. Barges cannot currently land at Golovin because there is no dock. Supplies are lightered from Nome and offloaded on the beach. There is a small boat dock and a concrete boat ramp.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection
- Community's Senate District
- Community's House District