in the North Slope Borough
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 Department of Labor Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- a.k.a. Kali
- Community's Judicial District
Geography and Climate
- Point Lay is located south of the Kokolik River mouth, about 300 miles southwest of Barrow.
- The climate is arctic. Temperatures range from -55 to 78 °F. Precipitation is light, averaging 7 inches annually, with 21 inches of snow. The Chukchi Sea is ice-free from late June until September.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
History and Culture
- Point Lay is one of the more recently established Inupiaq villages on the Arctic coast and has historically been occupied year-round by a small group of one or two families. They were joined in 1929-30 by several more families from Point Hope. The deeply-indented shoreline has prevented effective bowhead whaling, but the village participates in beluga whaling. In 1974, the village moved from the old site on a gravel barrier island just offshore. The old village site is now used as a summer hunting camp. Some residents of Barrow and Wainwright relocated to the village in the mid-1970s. In the late 1970s, due to seasonal flooding from the Kokolik River, the village relocated again to a site near the Air Force Distance Early Warning station to the south. Homes were relocated to the new townsite.
- Point Lay is a traditional Inupiat Eskimo village, with a dependence upon subsistence activities.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Native Village of Point Lay
- Local Option Restrictions
- Ban sale and importation of alcohol.
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- A public 4,500' long by 100' wide gravel airstrip, owned by the U.S. Air Force, provides Point Lay's only year-round access. Marine and land transportation provide seasonal access.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection
- Community's Senate District
- Community's House District